Martin Luther King Jr., delivered a sermon there in 1960. The Educational Technologies Center of Princeton University. Princeton, New Jersey 08544 Princeton University Chapel: A piece of History - See 161 traveler reviews, 105 candid photos, and great deals for Princeton, NJ, at Tripadvisor. Martin Luther King, Jr., delivered a sermon there in 1960. Now with new color photos throughout, The Chapel of Princeton University traces the history of the chapel and describes its architecture, sculpture, woodwork, and furnishings. [38], Inscribed on the narthex wall facing the nave is "A Prayer for Princeton",[39] which as of 2008 was still used in services at the chapel. The University has been led by 20 presidents, spanning colonial times to the 21st century. Princeton Borough The massive Collegiate-Gothic chapel, one of the finest buildings on the Princeton campus, was completed in 1928. "[6], The chapel is approximately the size of a small medieval English cathedral. [25] During the 2000-02 restoration, some pinnacles were reset with stainless steel anchors. A nondenominational chapel, it hosts weekly ecumenical Christian services and daily Catholic Masses. The chapel is beautiful and very large. [81] Catholic Mass is celebrated daily, Reconciliation is offered several days a week, and there is Eucharistic Adoration twice weekly.[82]. Included are details on upcoming lectures and speaking engagements, weekly chapel services, and other happenings. The main sanctuary consists of a narthex, a gallery, a nave, two transepts joined by a crossing, and an elevated choir. The tympana above the north and south entrances depict the Annunciation and the Baptism of Christ, respectively. Now with new color photos throughout from photographer Noel Valero, "The Chapel of Princeton University" traces the history of the chapel and describes its architecture, sculpture, woodwork, and furnishings. However, by the end of the Civil War a new chapel was needed because the number of undergraduates had doubled. While it is quiet, as it should be, it is anything but small. The style conformed with the tudor Gothic that had been adopted for Blair Hall in 1897 as well as other buildings that were constructed during the succeeding several decades. This is true at Opening Exercises, Baccalaureate, and annual memorial services for alumni and staff of the University. in American Culture from Northwestern University and a Ph.D. in History from the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.

In Princeton, you can see Princeton University Chapel, a gothic town church. In addition to the various denominational services held throughout the week, an ecumenical service is offered by the Dean and the Associate Dean of Religious Life each Sunday at 11:00 am (10:00 am during summer). [50] According to Stillwell, the woodwork "represents an outstanding example of American craftsmanship. History of the Service of Remembrance. A downspout on the east wall features a relief of a bulldog head; a decades-old[36] myth relates that Cram placed it there to recognize Yale University, whose mascot is the bulldog. [25], The foundation is made of poured concrete. On March 13, 1960, less than six weeks after the first of the Greensboro sit-ins, Martin Luther King Jr., delivered a sermon at the chapel. The chapel underwent a two-year, $10 million restoration between 2000 and 2002. Chapel Choir. [16], On the western end of the chapel is the narthex, which has entrances on the north, west, and south walls. [55][56], The chapel's iconography consists of over 10,000 square feet (930 m2) of stained glass[57] as well as stonework and wood carvings. Chartered in 1746, Princeton is the fourth-oldest college in the United States. A private individual purchased it shortly before the confiscation of church property during the French Revolution. At its founding in 1746, Princeton University, then named the College of New Jersey, was located in the parsonage of the Presbyterian Church of Elizabeth, and soon afterwards moved to a sister church in Newark. University President, John Grier Hibben, issued an appeal for funds to construct a chapel in an architectural style based on the fourteenth century English Gothic and appointed Ralph Adams Cram as the University’s supervising architect for this project. [43], Large stained glass windows due to Connick[66] in the walls of the choir retell four "Christian epics": the Divine Comedy and Le Morte d'Arthur on the north wall and Paradise Lost and Pilgrim's Progress on the south wall. [7] The latter was sculpted by Robert Baker. History One of the great religious edifices in the United States It is in the Chapel that the University comes together as a community. In 1990 the organ was dismantled and shipped to England for a major restoration by Mander Organs. The Princeton University Chapel is the religious and ceremonial center for the University. Our History. [29] Cram resigned as Princeton's supervising architect over the inclusion of the arch, which he disliked;[30] nonetheless, he participated in the chapel's 1928 dedication ceremony. Milliner, Matthew J. Princeton's religious heritage is exemplified in the imposing and elegant University Chapel, the third largest college chapel in the world. Among the stained glass are four "great windows", one facing each cardinal direction, and four "Christian epic" windows in the walls of the choir. [29] Beneath the figure of Christ is Princeton University's shield, illustrating the university's motto, Dei sub numine viget ("Under the power of God she flourishes"). Featured Events . The Princeton University Chapel is located on that university's main campus in Princeton, New Jersey, United States. The chapel seats almost 2,000 people. Four large stained glass windows are found in the main sanctuary. 5-6. Milliner ("The Princeton University Chapel", p. 5), identifies one of these, the Belgian cardinal. Milliner, "The Princeton University Chapel", pp. Harvey S. Firestone Library (background) Image: NewJerseyAlmanac.com . Today, enhanced by its elegant beauty and charm, the Chapel has been an attractive site for frequent weddings and memorial services for alumni, faculty, and many other friends of the University. However, by the end of the Civil War a new chapel was needed because the number of undergraduates had doubled. When the College moved to Princeton in 1756, the chapel was located in what eventually became the Faculty Room in Nassau Hall. "[2] Kessler calls the stained glass "a summa of the heritage of Christianity up to the early twentieth century. It houses a unique collection of paintings. [46] The southern transept is named for Chester Alwyn Braman, the first donor to the University Chapel Fund. [14] A plaque on the interior south wall of the chapel's nave commemorates the occasion. [80] In keeping with this tradition, the chapel hosts ecumenical Christian services each Sunday. Built around 1920 I believe and in the Measured on the exterior, it is 277 feet (84 m) long, 76 feet (23 m) wide at its transepts, and 121 feet (37 m) high. It had been used in a church near Avranches, France, for 200 years. [23] The south aisle features five window bays, while the north has four;[42] where the easternmost bay would be is the entrance to a side chapel called the Blessed Sacrament Chapel. [12] The construction cost about $2.3 million and was completed in 1928. She holds a B.A. The Princeton University chapel is central to the two great ceremonies in a Princetonian’s life cycle: Pre-rade and commencement. The University also owns some property in West Windsor Township. The chapel is beautiful and very large. In an ecumenical touch, the north and south are symbolically united by "The Love of Christ" in the Great East Window. [45] An American flag flown by the USS Princeton hangs from the transept's north wall. Princeton University's Chapel is amazing! When the College relocated to Princeton in 1756, a chapel was located in what would become the Faculty Room in Nassau Hall. Marquand Chapel", "Ralph Adams Cram: The man, his work, and his legacy. The configuration and its proportions are typical of English churches, but the nave's vaulted ceiling and the colonnettes supporting it recall French churches. Two staircases on the east and west of the narthex lead to an upper gallery, which looks out upon the nave. [2], The chapel's iconography pays tribute in places to the other Abrahamic religions. The Chapel of St. Paul. The Princeton University Archives consists of over 15,000 linear feet of records including administration records (presidents, provosts, deans, and department records, faculty files, undergraduate and graduate alumni files); photographs and other audiovisual materials; and publications that document the history of Princeton University. The Chapel of St. Peter and St. Paul. [21] Leading the ceremony, then-Dean of Religious Life Thomas Breidenthal said, "This edifice is unmistakably Christian, [but] this chapel is meant to belong to all of us. The model for the tympanum above the main, west entrance was designed and sculpted in clay by John Angel and stone carved by Edward Ardolino. A staircase leads from the Braman Transept to the Bright Pulpit. The service is open not only to the entire Princeton University community but to townspeople and visitors to Princeton as well, who are most-warmly welcomed. The lectern is also oak and dates from the 1600s. Online Worship Service Sunday - view chapel.princeton.edu - with Alexandra Miller-Knaack, Chapel Intern Special Events , Religious , Featured Event , Worship , Sacred Text Study The service will have magnificent music provided by Penna Rose, Director of Chapel Music and Eric Plutz, University Organist and soloist Gregory Loshkajian ’16. [2] The lower of these, at the triforium level, depict the teachings of Christ, while the six upper windows at the clerestory level depict influential figures in Philosophy, Theology, Chivalry, Poetry, Law, and Science, as read from east to west. [43] Images of figures connected to music are carved into the front (west), where the choir would sit, and images of scholars are carved into the back (east), where faculty would sit. The epic windows reinforce the idea of a "Catholic north" and a "Protestant south": Catholics wrote the north epics and Protestants the south epics. [68] Friend was known for delivering popular lectures on Job, and Milliner speculates that Friend had these windows included to address the problem of evil. Irving and Casson, A. H. Davenport Company, "Princeton University: An Interactive Campus History, 1746-1996. Previously, she served for twelve years at the University of Chicago as Dean of Rockefeller Memorial Chapel and Senior Lecturer in the Divinity School, and as co-chair of the Board of the university’s Human Rights Program. The chapel was rededicated in an interfaith ceremony in 2002 following a major two-year restoration. [52], The chapel's organ has 7,897 pipes in 135 ranks and 109 stops. Princeton University built the chapel to replace the Marquand Chapel, which stood between where the present chapel and McCosh Hall stand until it burned to the ground in 1920. Therefore, our private excursions to Princeton are very popular and attract thousands of travelers annually. The word 'chapel' conjures up the image of a small space for quiet reflection and prayer. In reality, Ralph Adams Cram (supervising architect of Princeton University from 1907 to 1929) designed the Princeton University Chapel after a fire destroyed the original Marquand Chapel in … This arrangement lasted until 1847, when a separate building was constructed on the site of East Pyne. It also hosts several annual special events, such as baccalaureate services and commencements. Its size and design evoke a small cathedral of the English Middle Ages. [29], Measured in the interior, the chapel is 249 feet (76 m) long, 93.5 feet (28 m) wide at its transepts, and 78.5 feet (24 m) high at the crossing. Stillwell knew the building from its planning stages through its construction, dedication, and long use. Henry Gurdon Marquand, a founder of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, was the principal donor for the Marquand Chapel, which was built in 1881. XII", "A Princeton Companion: Chapel, The University", "Keeping the faith: When Martin Luther King Jr. spoke in the Chapel 50 years ago", "Features: Chapel gets facelift and new dean", "Restoration secures chapel at Ivy League campus", "Making 10,000 miles of stained glass gleam", "Evergreen beauty of campus gardens thrives year round", "A Princeton Companion: Mather Sundial, The", "Some Architectural and Spiritual Aspects of the Chapel", "Interesting Details of the Chapel Stone Carving (photo caption)", "Letters to the editor: Tales of Orange Key", "Veterans Day event includes flag rededication", "Connick Windows in Princeton, New Jersey 2011", "A Princeton Companion: Stevenson, Adlai Ewing", "Westminster Choir College commencement information", "A Princeton Companion: Baccalaureate Address, The", "The Princeton University chapels: an architectural and religious history", The Aquinas Institute: Catholic Campus Ministry at Princeton University, official website, School of Engineering and Applied Science, School of Public and International Affairs, Julis-Rabinowitz Center for Public Policy and Finance, Liechtenstein Institute on Self-Determination, Princeton Institute for International and Regional Studies, 1869 New Jersey vs. Rutgers football game, Witherspoon Street School for Colored Children, Princeton International School of Mathematics and Science, Princeton Community Japanese Language School, National Register of Historic Places listings in Mercer County, New Jersey, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Princeton_University_Chapel&oldid=1001496449, University and college chapels in the United States, Historic district contributing properties in Mercer County, New Jersey, Short description is different from Wikidata, Infobox mapframe without OSM relation ID on Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [2], Cram designed the chapel with the assistance of Alexander Hoyle, a member of his firm. List of 1 items. [19][20], Following the restoration, the chapel was rededicated in an interfaith ceremony in which people belonging to Buddhism, Christianity, Islam, and Judaism gave prayers. The foundation is poured concrete, and the superstructure is sandstone and limestone. [6] Hibben called replacing the Marquand Chapel "an immediate necessity";[10] nonetheless, the project encountered financial problems early on. Built when students were still required to attend Sunday services, today the chapel is the center of spiritual life on campus for many denominations, fulfilling its public mission in an increasingly multicultural society. [15] Despite the complexity of the work, the chapel remained open throughout the restoration. At its founding in 1746 the College of New Jersey was first located in the parsonage of the Presbyterian Church of Elizabeth and soon afterwards in a sister church in Newark. [3] The location for the new chapel was chosen for two reasons: symbolically, the new chapel would rise from the ashes of the old one, and practically, it would locate the new chapel centrally as the campus expanded eastward. The current Dean of the Chapel is Alison Boden, who is also Dean of Religious Life at Princeton. [78], The Office of Religious Life calls the chapel "the home of regular religious services for many of the university's faith groups, including the 264-year-old ecumenical Christian worshiping community [...] that founded Princeton in 1746. [39], Three doorways lead from the narthex into the nave,[39] which is 74 feet (23 m) high[25] and named for Hibben. Tel: (609) 258-3047  | Fax:  (609) 258-2686, © 2021 The Trustees of Princeton University, Today, enhanced by its elegant beauty and charm, the Chapel has been an attractive site for frequent weddings and memorial services for alumni, faculty, and many other friends of the University. The James Forrestal Campus is split between nearby Plainsboro and South Brunswick. Latin: Universitas Princetoniensis: Former names. The campuses are situated about one hour from both New York City and Philadelphia. Other powerful Gothic buildings include their Cadet Chapel, United States Military Academy, West Point, New York (1910), and James Gamble Rogers’s Memorial Quadrangle and Harkness Tower, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut (1916–33). "[51], An oak made pulpit stands in front of the choir facing the nave. The fire forced the trustees and president to give immediate attention to the issue of constructing a new chapel which would permit the University to maintain its religious heritage, but in a manner that recognized its public mission in an increasingly multicultural society. 2000s; 1900s; 1800s; 1700s; 1600s; 2018. organ, which was completely renovated in 1991. This page was last edited on 19 January 2021, at 23:27. It changed hands several times before Hibben obtained it for the chapel. It is in the Chapel that the University comes together as a community. Sound-absorbing tile is mounted on parts of the wall and vault. [12] Nearby is the Mather Sundial, a replica of the Turnbull Sundial in the courtyard of Corpus Christi College, Oxford. [25] Most of the interior is limestone, but the aisles and the central area of the choir are Aquia Creek sandstone. [7] It resembles the tympanum of the Royal Portal of Chartres Cathedral. The only university chapel of its size at the time it was built was King's College Chapel at the University of Cambridge. Goodhue’s most arresting building is his… Abraham himself is depicted in a stained glass window on the north side of the nave, together with a Star of David, a Christian cross, and a star and crescent. [34], The tympanum above the west entrance depicts Jesus as described in the Book of Revelation, together with the four beasts and other relevant iconography. Stillwell describes the iconography around the Blessed Sacrament Chapel but makes no mention of it per se. Dr. Alison L. Boden is Dean of Religious Life and of the Chapel at Princeton University, a position she has held since August 2007. The University Chapel was built in response to the devastating fire which destroyed the Marquand Chapel in 1920. A devout Christian, Friend shared Hibben's goal of persuading Princeton students to choose lives of Christian observance and sought with the chapel's iconography, in Milliner's words, "to carefully dismantle materialist objections to Christian faith and to articulate Princeton's synthesis between Christian faith and modern thought. [4][5], Ralph Adams Cram, the university's supervising architect, designed and oversaw construction of the new chapel. In several places the chapel's iconography includes images of figures associated with Princeton University: The chapel operates within university's Office of Religious Life. Designed in 1921 by Ralph Adams Cram in his signature Collegiate Gothic style, it was built by the university between 1924 and 1928 at a cost of $2.3 million. The only precedent for a university chapel of this size was King's College Chapel, and only a small part of that chapel was used regularly. Milliner, "The Princeton University Chapel", p. 6. In this week’s installment of our ongoing series bringing you the history of Princeton University and its faculty, students, and alumni, the University Chapel is dedicated, a professor spirits a Chinese dissident to safety, and more. [16] The project earned a New Jersey Historic Preservation Award in 2002,[17] and the stone work won the 2004 Tucker Award for Renovation and Restoration from Stone World magazine. [53][54] It was designed by Ernest M. Skinner and installed in 1928. [47], The choir, named Milbank Choir for Elizabeth Milbank Anderson[48] is elevated by several steps. [40] Another inscription, from Psalm 100, refers to Westminster Choir College, which holds its commencement ceremonies in the chapel. [6] The construction received considerable media attention,[11] as it promised to be the largest university chapel in the United States and the second largest in the world after King's College Chapel, Cambridge. When completed in 1928 at a cost of more than two million dollars, this imposing college chapel, capable of seating two thousand, was second in size only to the chapel at King’s College, Cambridge University. This is true at Opening Exercises, Baccalaureate, and annual memorial services for alumni and staff of the University. Chapel History. [43][44] The pews in the nave are constructed from wood originally intended for Civil War gun carriages; over 100 carvers spent more than a year producing the intricate carvings. Princeton University Chapel | Closed due to COVID-19 Princeton, New Jersey 08544 Tel: (609) 258-3047 | Fax: (609) 258-2686 The Chapel is the religious and ceremonial center of Princeton University The soaring arches of the Princeton University Chapel have summoned countless people to come inside to find faith, peace, inspiration, challenge, and courage. [67], Stained glass windows telling the story of the Book of Job are set into the walls of the staircases between the narthex and the gallery. In the sermon he called for universal brotherhood and a life of spiritual richness. The altar and the choir stalls were built and carved by Irving and Casson, A. H. Davenport Company, in Sherwood Forest oak;[49] Cram speculated that the wood may have dated from the time of Robin Hood. [18] At the time, two experts working on the stained glass restoration called it the largest such project that had ever been undertaken in the United States; too large for a single studio, it was divided among studios in Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and New York. [79] According to Milliner, Princeton's is the second-tallest by height of the nave at the crossing; the tallest is King's College Chapel at the University of Cambridge. Milliner ("The Princeton University Chapel", p. 5) writes that the space was once a broom closet. Stillwell knew the building from its planning stages … Princeton University shield. When the chapel was built, the rest of the structure above the grade level was masonry, and the only metal reinforcement was some structural steel in the framing of the roof. It has also been a bridge between town and gown, and between the several academic communities of Princeton. The University Chapel was built in the 1920s, but its history actually begins with the birth of the university itself. It is a strikingly beautiful building with stained glass windows. Read more . Behind the altar are carved images of eight religious figures: four Catholic saints to the north, and four leaders of Protestantism to the south. College of New Jersey (1746–1896) Motto: Dei Sub Numine Viget On seal: Vet[us] Nov[um] Testamentum (Latin) Motto in English. It was built between 1925 and 1928 with donations from alumni and friends to replace the Marquand Chapel, which had been destroyed by fire. [88], The exterior of the Chapel seen from the southeast, with the Mather Sundial in the foreground, Milliner, "The Princeton University Chapel", p. 4. The main campus sits on about 500 acres (2.0 km ) in Princeton. Stillwell knew the building from its planning stages through its construction, dedication, and long use. Read More List of 1 items. Our Chapels. [2] Other windows show Baruch Spinoza[69] and Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi;[29] both images were planned before the chapel was built.[2]. "[33] Ardolino is credited as executing all of the building's stone carving. Milliner notes that images of historical and legendary people carved into the choir's woodwork "reflect the intended seating during a Chapel ceremony". Completed in 1928, it is the third largest university chapel in the world. The Deans are also joined by an array of nationally known guest preachers throughout the year and Princeton University students act as Chapel Deacons, assisting the Deans in leading the weekly worship. [2] Connick designed the windows in consultation with Friend, but they were made by others after the former's death. The belltower of the Basilica of the Sacred Heart at the University of Notre Dame, the tower of the Duke University Chapel, the tower of the University of Chicago's Rockefeller Chapel, and the campanile of Valparaiso University's Chapel of the Resurrection are all taller than Princeton's chapel, which does not have a tower or other appendages. In American Culture from Northwestern University and a life of spiritual richness ) in,. Pinnacles were reset with stainless steel anchors in an ecumenical touch, the plans the! The wall and vault extensive iconography consists of stained glass windows of the of. 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